Perhaps the most apparent is to increase precision, which is a function of manufacturing and assembly tolerances, gear tooth surface finish, and the guts distance of the tooth mesh. Sound can be suffering from gear and housing components along with lubricants. In general, expect to pay out more for quieter, smoother gears.
Don’t make the error of over-specifying the electric motor. Remember, the input pinion on the planetary must be able manage the motor’s result torque. What’s more, if you’re using a multi-stage gearhead, the output stage must be strong enough to soak up the developed torque. Obviously, using a more powerful motor than necessary will require a larger and more expensive gearhead.
Consider current limiting to safely impose limitations on gearbox size. With servomotors, output torque is usually a linear function of current. Therefore besides protecting the gearbox, current limiting also shields the engine and drive by clipping peak torque, which can be anywhere from 2.5 to 3.5 times continuous torque.
In each planetary stage, five gears are simultaneously in mesh. Although it’s impossible to totally eliminate noise from this assembly, there are several ways to reduce it.
As an ancillary benefit, the geometry of planetaries matches the shape of electric motors. Therefore the gearhead could be close in diameter to the servomotor, with the output shaft in-line.
Highly rigid (servo grade) gearheads are generally more expensive than lighter duty types. However, for fast acceleration and deceleration, a servo-grade gearhead could be the only sensible choice. In this kind of applications, the gearhead may be viewed as a mechanical springtime. The torsional deflection caused by the spring action adds to backlash, compounding the consequences of free shaft motion.
Servo-grade gearheads incorporate a low backlash planetary gearbox number of construction features to reduce torsional stress and deflection. Among the more prevalent are large diameter result shafts and beefed up support for satellite-equipment shafts. Stiff or “rigid” gearheads tend to be the most costly of planetaries.
The kind of bearings supporting the output shaft depends on the load. High radial or axial loads generally necessitate rolling element bearings. Small planetaries could get by with low-cost sleeve bearings or various other economical types with fairly low axial and radial load ability. For larger and servo-grade gearheads, durable result shaft bearings are usually required.
Like the majority of gears, planetaries make noise. And the faster they run, the louder they get.
Low-backlash planetary gears are also obtainable in lower ratios. While some types of gears are generally limited by about 50:1 or more, planetary gearheads lengthen from 3:1 (single stage) to 175:1 or more, depending on the number of stages.